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If I were to hit an anvil with a hammer (let's say a 1 kg hammer at 1 m/s) how would the force of the impact be calculated?
So, where I'm at with this is that I know the deal with f = mv, so the force would be equal to 1N/s. My problem is with the time that it takes for the energy to be transferred from the hammer to the anvil. If you could see the time it takes for the collision to happen (say 0.1s) that would be easy (10N).
The hammer with the anvil is purely just an example. I've heard people mention of using a dirac delta function, but that just feels unrealistic since it's obviously not instant. Is there an inherent limit to the amount of time that it takes for the force to be applied (say the speed of sound?)
(also like to note that I have absolutely 0 idea how to use a dirac delta function. From the looks of it it's just an integral but I do not understand it)
EDIT: Thanks for the answers. I've been googling for about a week now, watching every video I could find on impulsive force, all of them say to measure it physically. You can understand why this is a very unsatisfying answer, and none of the posts answer this particular question.
Energy is not transmitted instantly. If I were to have a stick 2 lightyears long, put a button at the end of the stick, and push the stick from earth, the button would not be pressed instantly. I was curious if there's anything that determines the rate of energy transfer.