I'm a little confused.
Translational energy and rotational energy add separately, according to my textbook, to give the total kinetic energy of a moving object.
That means that for a disk rolling without slipping at a certain velocity, the total kinetic energy would be:
Now, if its a hollow disk, the moment of inertia is:
$I = MR^2$
Giving us a total Kinetic Energy of:
$K = MV^2$
That is twice the kinetic energy the disk would have if it was slipping on a frictionless icy surface.
But this leads to some weird results that I can't make sense of.
For example, say both disks, the one slipping, and the one rolling without slipping, are moving at the same velocity side by side, and a strong wind starts blowing, pushing them with a force $F$ opposite to their direction of motion.
Using energy conservation, the rolling disk would go twice as far as the sliding disk before it comes to a stop, since it had double the initial Kinetic energy.
Since the disks had the same initial velocity, that means the rolling disk must've had half the deceleration as the slipping disk, even though they were moving against the same force and had the same mass!