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- What is time dilation really? 8 answers
I am confused by the explanations of time dilation and gravity vs. acceleration. The consensus (and apparently experiments) is that time dilation in a gravitational field (not free-falling) is "as if" one were accelerating. Examples given for sending light signal each way in a gravitational gradient, one sees blue shift the other red shift just as if accelerating in space due to velocity transformation. But is there a paradox? If actually accelerating, the velocity will increase and so will the time dilation relative to origin. If in a gravity field, the effect on clock time will be a constant difference relative to free-fall (e.g., orbit). Satelite clocks are apparently corrected for both velocity and gravity density which should be equivalent to acceleration. If a satelite were moving above escape velocity but held to the earth on a tether, would its time dilation only be a difference from the velocity, or would the force of the tether imply higher gravity density? Any thoughts?