The question is difficult to understand unless I explain why I am asking it.
I would not really be interested in Fluid Dynamics if the transition to turbulent flow were not, at least approximately, described by the Directed Percolation Universality Classes. However, it looks like it may very well be the case (see, for reference, paywalled):
The Directed Percolation Universality Classes seem also to be related to Regge-Theory (see, for example):
Regge-Theory is, IMO, as close as we get to non-perturbative QCD (in its different "field versions" like the BFKL-Pomeron, for example, and leaving lattice QCD aside).
This has puzzled me a lot because the symmetry group of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are an enlarged version of the Galilean group and are, apparently, unrelated to Poincare's group (the only relevant group in relativistic particle interactions). How could this happen if they are linked by the same Universality Classes?
I have played (and failed) with the idea of "sound velocity being constant" replacing "light velocity being constant" to connect both dynamic systems (they should be if they belonged to the same Universality Class). However, no "pseudo-relativistic" corrections play any role in the incompressible fluid road to turbulence (or, at least, I am unable to see them).
So maybe I should give up this idea. However in real (compressible) fluids this idea does come up:
"Physique theorique" (Mecanique des fluides), Tome 6, L. Landau and E. Lifchitz, MIR 1989, Chapter IX, sections 83 and 84 (pages 448-457). (I do not have the English book, but I guess that the chapters and sections should not differ too much).
So, I would be very grateful if somebody could help me out:
What is the relevant feature of incompressible N-S transition to turbulence?
Viscosity not being able to dissipate vorticity? What is the residual viscosity role? Does it determine the minimum eddies size? Does sound speed play any role in this transition?
Why do I not see any mechanism being able to propagate perturbations (constant density)? I do not get it. How is this possible?
I know there are three question marks, but this just reflects my puzzlement and my lack of understanding of this "road" to turbulence, and that is all I mean by these three particular questions. The important question is in the title but it is far too general to be meaninful.
Thank you very much in advance.