From the linear velocity function in Equation 2-11, the average velocity over any time interval (say, from $t=0$ to a later time $t$) is the average of the velocity at the beginning of the interval ($=v_0$) and the velocity at the end of the interval ($=v$). For the interval from $t=0$ to the later time $t$ then, the average velocity is $$v_{\mathrm{avg}} =\frac{1}{2} (v_0+v)$$

I don't understand why average velocity can be found just be taking the mean of two velocities. Can someone please explain?

  • $\begingroup$ Check out this link hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/vel2.html. $\endgroup$ – K_inverse Sep 13 '18 at 3:09
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    $\begingroup$ @sup: Average velocity is the total displacement divided by the total time. $\endgroup$ – user7777777 Sep 13 '18 at 3:30
  • $\begingroup$ Hi, welcome to Physics SE! Please do not post images of texts you want to quote, but type it out instead so it is readable for all users and so that it can be indexed by search engines. For formulae, use MathJax instead. I've edited it here. $\endgroup$ – user191954 Sep 13 '18 at 4:46
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    $\begingroup$ Your book says that the average velocity could be found by taking the mean of the initial and the final velocity in the case where the velocity is a linear function of time and that is correct. Your intuition seems in the right place that, in general, velocity should not be simply the mean of the initial and final velocity but should be the mean over all the velocities, i.e. $\frac{1}{T}\int_{0}^{T}v dt$. But when velocity is a linear function of time, this general formula reduces to the formula provided in your book. Try to work this out explicitly yourself! :-) $\endgroup$ – Dvij Mankad Sep 13 '18 at 5:00
  • $\begingroup$ sup, this equation applies ONLY to an object undergoing a constant acceleration (including zero acceleration). $\endgroup$ – David White Sep 13 '18 at 5:46

I don't understand why average velocity can be found just be taking the mean of 2 velocities.

In general your concern is correct but in the example you have given it is stated

For the linear velocity function

which implies that $v = v_0 +at$ where $a$ is the constant acceleration.

The velocity against time graph looks like this

enter image description here

with the total displacement $s$ in a time $t$ being the area under the graph $s= \frac 12 (v_0+v)t$.

Thus the average velocity $v_{\rm avg}=\frac{\text{total displacement}}{\rm time}=\frac s t =\frac 12 (v_0+v)$


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