I'm trying to learn about the physics of polarisation, which feels like an uphill battle. I've just read the notes from this page:
I'm having problems with the bolded writing below from the link above (I attached the diagram it mentions):
"The principle behind Brewster's angle is illustrated Figure 3 for a single ray of light reflecting from the flat surface of a transparent medium having a higher refractive index than air. The incident ray is drawn with only two electric vector vibration planes, but is intended to represent light having vibrations in all planes perpendicular to the direction of propagation. When the beam arrives on the surface at a critical angle (Brewster's angle; represented by the variable θ in Figure 3), the polarization degree of the reflected beam is 100 percent, with the orientation of the electric vectors lying perpendicular to the plane of incidence and parallel to the reflecting surface. The incidence plane is defined by the incident, refracted, and reflected waves. The refracted ray is oriented at a 90-degree angle from the reflected ray and is only partially polarized."
Firstly, does this mean that the energy of the electric fields (which were previously in different planes) culminate into the single plane, and thus that plane now possesses much more energy?
Secondly, how can the orientation of [polarised] electric vectors come to lay perpendicular to the plane of incidence and parallel to the reflecting surface? If electric fields oscillate perpendicular to the direction of propagation, how can they be parallel to the reflecting surface after their reflection?
What does this all mean for brightness? When driving down the highway, why is the polarised light perceived so brightly? Wouldn't unpolarised reflected light have the same or more energy/intensity?
Thanks in advance!