# Kinematics of a body in movement with air drag

Let's assume i got this body (red one) wich is moving along the x-axis. It has got two forces on it, one called $F$, which is constant, and the other called $D$ which is the drag caused by the air that will vary. Could i describe its movement with these equations and using small intervals of time, for example: $t=0.001\ \rm s$ Getting the acceleration with Newton's Second Law where $F$ is constant and $D$, which is drag, will vary depending the velocity.

$$A=\frac{(F-D)}{m}$$

Equation to calculate drag. Here i assume $\rho$, $Cd$, and $A$ to be constant. $$D=0.5\rho* Cd * A *v^2$$ Equation to calculate velocity. $$v=v_o+at$$

Equation to calculate position. $$x=x_0+v_0t+0.5at^2$$

Assuming everything said let's go for and example. We have that: $$F=100\ \rm N$$ $$v_0=0 \ \rm m/s$$

I first calculate the $a$ (acceleration) assuming that $D$ is $0$ beacuse $v_0 = 0\ \rm m/s$. When we got $a$ we use it with the velocity equation to get the velocity. Then we use all the variables in the position equation to get the position. Then, with the velocity we have calcualted we get the drag force and then we get a different acceleration which i will use to calculate another time the $v$ and $x$, and the i would continue doing the same thing with these intervals of $t=0.001\ \rm s$. I have computed that and i finally get a constant velocity, which i supose it is the "terminal velocity".

Can this be done this way?

• Hi, welcome to Physics SE! Please don't post formulae as pictures or plain text, but use MathJax instead. MathJax is easy for people on all devices to read, and can show up clearer on different screen sizes and resolutions. I've edited it here as an example. Look at this Math SE meta post for a quick tutorial.
– user191954
Aug 19 '18 at 16:24
• You might start here with no drag feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_09.html and then this paper physics.bu.edu/py502/lectures3/cmotion.pdf Aug 19 '18 at 17:59
• @Chair I have been using another page, however, i will take a look on it. Thanks! Aug 19 '18 at 19:50
• @Farcher They seem interesting, i will have a look. Thanks! Aug 19 '18 at 19:50

Now you just need to form differential equation and solve it. You can make differential equation in terms of $v$, this way it will be of first order and you can easily solve it.