The question is somewhat related to What is the sum of the angles of a triangle on Earth orbit? but still not quite what I think of.
Consider a real world triangle made of straight steel rods which are connected and fixed with screws at the corners. When such a triangle is constructed far away from any mass, i.e. in a euclidean geometry of space-time, the sum of angles will be 180 degree.
Now bring this triangle in the vicinity of a massive object. The geometry will become non-euclidean, the sum of angles will not be 180 degrees anymore. How exactly will this effect present itself on the triangle? I can think of several possibilities:
- The sum of angles stays at 180 degrees but the rods will bend and/or experience tension, or the rods will not bend and only experience tension.
- The sum of angle deviates from 180 degree but the rods will still look straight, or the rods will bend, with or without tension.
- There is no visible effect because the angle measuring device is bend exactly the same way as the triangle, with or without tension in the rods.
- Any combination of angles, bending, tension, ...
What happens when you loosen the screws?
Please note, that this just a warm up question. What I'm really interested in is the ratio of circumference and area of a circle, which happens not to be Pi in a non-euclidean geometry. How does the effect present itself when the circle is laid with tiny tiny tiles. These tiles can be used to approximate the radius and the area, so at least one of these numbers must change when the curvature becomes effective, don't they?
Edited: Clarification on the tiles. Consider a circle on the ground that was constructed in the usual way with a peg at the center, a string, and a pen to draw the circumference. When I lay tiles (that all have the same square shape and area) on the ground and count the number of tiles that are inside the circle or touch the border, and additionally count the tiles that make up the radius, I can get an approximation of $A/r^2$ which will be $\pi$ in a euclidian geometry. Thus, when I bring the circle together with the tiles into an non-euclidian geometry, something must happen to the tiles or the circle to compensate the change in the ratio $A/r^2$. I assume that the tiles will start spreading a bit and gaps will appear between them. Right?