What I am looking for is the possibility of detecting $n$ photon in a displaced thermal state

$\langle n|\rho_{dts}|n\rangle$

$\rho_{DTS} = D(\alpha)\rho_{TS} D(-\alpha)$

where $\rho_{TS}$ is a thermal state with mean photon number $B$ and $D(\alpha)$ is the displacement operator.

I have already found an analytical expression for the first 4 term:

$\langle n|\rho_{dts}|n\rangle = exp(-\alpha^2/(B+1))P_n$

Where $P_0$ to $P_3$ could be found in this post:



Assuming you are referring to single mode non-interacting oscillator.

$\textbf{Hint :}$ Define $\mathbb{G}[\lambda_{}^{}]=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}e_{}^{i\lambda n}\langle n|\rho_{}^{}| n\rangle=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\langle n|e_{}^{i\lambda a_{}^{\dagger}a_{}^{}}\rho_{}^{}| n\rangle=\textbf{Tr}[e_{}^{i \lambda a_{}^{\dagger}a_{}^{}} \rho_{}^{}]$.

Now $\mathbb{G}[\lambda_{}^{}]$ can be easily evaluated by taking trace in coherent state basis for the choice $\rho_{}^{}=\rho_{DTS}^{}$. (you will encounter only gaussian integrals).

$\langle n|\rho_{DTS}^{}|n\rangle$ can be generated as Fourier expansion coefficients or by taylor expanding $\mathbb{G}[-i\log(s)]$ in $s$.

$\textbf{Note :}$ See this answer.

  • $\begingroup$ Nice trick. I think the trace could also easily be calculated using the Wigner functions. Then the result could be easily generalized to photon number statistics of any Gaussian state. $\endgroup$ – L.Han Jul 10 '18 at 16:55

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