The event horizon is the boundary, from where light cannot escape. But can anything else?
Something with real mass will gather inertia while falling into the black hole. First it will mainly increase its speed than approaching the speed of light, its mass will grow, giving it inertia and kinetic energy just enough to be able to climb the gravity well on the other side.
If I let go of a toy car (with insignificantly small wheels, to avoid having to account for the rotational inertia, and no friction) into a valley, it trades gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy to go through the valley, and get out on the other side.
So, my question is: if I let go of my toy spaceship around a black hole in a way that some of its orbit is below the event horizon, why does it not emerge after going inside the event horizon? It has all its inertia racked up while falling inside, it should be just enough to get out!
Does something take its inertia/kinetic energy? Black-hole friction? Does its potential energy converted to some type of energy other than kinetic, which cannot be traded back for potential energy?
I got some pointers, but unfortunately I don't really understand, how these answer my question. So I come up with the following:
This is a section of a rotationally symmetric object (a well, with oblique lips at the mouth), the symmetry line is the -.-.-.- one (vertically).
\ | / \ . / \ | / | . | | | | | . |
The topside view of same object is 2 concentric circles:
--- ( o ) ---
If I let a ball loose from the edge from some inertia, so that the ball does not fall into the vertical drop of the well, it will have a curved path at the slanted lips of the well. This is the same as an object falling towards a black hole, but coming out without touching the event horizon. It speeds up downwards, and looses that speed when coming back up.
\ \ (_ \ \
If an object falls into the black hole, it is the same as the ball reaching the vertical-walled part of the well, it will keep on accelerating, converting potential energy to kinetic energy, but without the slimmest hope of ever getting back out, spiraling downwards forever.
I don't know, if this is a good explanation or not, though.