As far as I understood, conductors connected to some DC voltage source terminals will try to "gain" corresponding terminal potential (though capacitance of typical conductor is pretty low, so amount of the required charge is tiny). And this process is incredibly fast.
If this true for AC, there must be some curious situation. Especially I'm interested in the case of a usual electrical wall outlet. Below is a description of how I see it.
At some instance of time (when power source output voltage is $0V$), "Live" and "Neutral" wires in the outlet are not charged and there is no electric field and potential difference between them. Then a small source voltage appears, the wires start to charge, there is build up of weak electric field between them and associated with the field PD. As source voltage increases, there is new charging process, the electric field becomes stronger... So in case of 240V RMS voltage, during peak +311V "Live" and "Neutral" wires are charged to maximum and magnitude of electric field between them reaches maximum as well. Then it starts decreasing to $0V$ again, then electric field flips etc. In other words, both wires keep recharging constantly. Is this correct and really happens ?
Surprisingly but I can't find any explicit confirmation or disproof to this simple question.
One more reason that confuses me - some people say that "Neutral wire is not energized". Actually I don't really understand what they mean but this and it disturbs me. I would prefer to see familiar surface charges on both wires and electric field / PD due to them.