Magnetic field lines vs. Electric field lines

What's the difference between magnetic field and electric field lines?

Does $d\vec B$ point in the direction you would experience a force if you were a moving charged particle at that point? I know for a fact the electric field and electrostatic force are parallel, but since $F = q\ \vec v \times \vec B$ for magnetic forces. Does that actually mean though that if, say, in the following graphic:

Where the dot is a wire going in and out of the page, that the $d\vec B$ vectors are not showing how a moving charged particle will move in the field?

Basically, I feel justified in thinking electric field lines communicate how a test charge will move at any given point in space.

How can I juxtapose this with magnetic field lines>

• "electric field lines communicate how a test charge will move at any given point in space" - This is incorrect. Once the charge starts moving, the magnetic field lines also influence its motion, so the electric field lines alone do not tell you how the test charge will move. – probably_someone Apr 18 '18 at 16:35
• @probably_someone So, is an electron's trajectory truly extremely difficult to predict? Once it starts moving, can its movement then be influenced by its own magnetic field? – sangstar Apr 18 '18 at 21:45
• No. It's also not all that difficult to predict, either; the force on an electron in an electromagnetic field is given by the Lorentz force: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorentz_force. Taking $F=ma$ gives you a differential equation that you can solve to get the electron's trajectory. – probably_someone Apr 18 '18 at 21:49
• I was not aware of this, which I'm surprised by. Cheers! – sangstar Apr 18 '18 at 21:52

• "For example, in your drawing the current flowing through the wire is coming out of the page towards you. That means the E-field is in the same direction" This is not true. First, it all depends on the net charge in the wire (not net charge means $E=0$). Second, if we had a net charge in the wire, the electric field would point radially outward from the wire. It would not point in the direction of the wire. – Aaron Stevens Aug 2 '18 at 16:06