I just finished a book which is hard to argue: "The Fourth Phase of Water" by Dr. Gerald H Pollack. He states there's a negative layer of H2O (which is termed the 'Exclusion Zone') which develops all around the bulk water. The bulk water is positively charged.

If this is possible, does it explain how ice forms on the surface layer of a large body of water where the negatively charged molecules are then exposed to the positively charged air?


closed as off-topic by David Hammen, Chris, Kyle Kanos, sammy gerbil, Jon Custer Apr 2 '18 at 13:37

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  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Why is it hard to argue? $\endgroup$ – Jon Custer Apr 1 '18 at 21:27
  • $\begingroup$ @JonCuster - Because this appears to be pure crackpottery. Voting to close. $\endgroup$ – David Hammen Apr 1 '18 at 23:06
  • $\begingroup$ @DavidHammen - hence making no it pretty easy to argue against the concept! And that is even not considering all the ice allotropes... $\endgroup$ – Jon Custer Apr 2 '18 at 1:43
  • $\begingroup$ It is not quite understood as to why the earth as well as our own blood cells register a negative charge. Pollock's argument is that the 4th Phase of water surrounds the positively charged bulk. So the earth puts off negative charge due to EZ water. I'm going to pursue this in spite of the fact there is going to be little discussion here on this topic. $\endgroup$ – Necromancer Apr 7 '18 at 17:34

Pollack’s book appears to be garbage, according to the answer to this Chemistry Stack Exchange question.

However, water does indeed have more than three phases. In fact, it has at least 19 distinct phases!

In particular, water has at least 17 solid crystalline phases, which form under different conditions of temperature and pressure. Almost all naturally occurring ice on Earth’s surface is the variety called ice $1_h$, with tiny bits of ice $1_c$ mixed in.

There are also some apparently reputable theories involving water having two liquid phases, but that’s less well established than the different phases of ice.


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