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This question already has an answer here:

My dynamics lecture notes repeat the Earth's equatorial bulge can be approximated as: $$ \approx \frac{\Omega^2R}{g} \approx \frac{1}{300} $$ (Do they mean R/300?)

They also include statements like:

"The Earth's oblateness $ \frac{I_3-I_1}{I_1}\approx \frac{\Omega^2R}{g} \approx \frac{1}{300} $"

Could anybody explain where this comes from? I have tried several ways to balance the gravitational and centripetal forces but I never seem to arrive at the correct result and cannot get my head around this concept.

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marked as duplicate by Qmechanic Mar 26 '18 at 20:52

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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    $\begingroup$ Possible duplicates: physics.stackexchange.com/q/8074/2451 and links therein. $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Mar 26 '18 at 20:41
  • $\begingroup$ @Qmechanic indeed that answered my question, thank you! Should I delete my post to keep the site clean or should I keep it as future reference if somebody has the same question but cannot locate the other post? $\endgroup$ – Jhonny Mar 26 '18 at 20:51
  • $\begingroup$ The latter is preferred, but you decide. $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Mar 26 '18 at 20:54
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    $\begingroup$ Please keep this. The prior answers are exceptionally detailed, and this dimensional/order-of-magnitude estimate is very good (most Datum have an inverse flattening: $298 < 1/f < 301$). $\endgroup$ – JEB Mar 26 '18 at 23:28