If we have

$$ \begin{pmatrix} \nu_e\\ \nu_{\mu} \\ \nu_{\tau} \end{pmatrix} =\begin{pmatrix} U_{e1} & U_{e2} & U_{e3} \\ U_{\mu1} & U_{\mu2} & U_{\mu3} \\ U_{\tau1} & U_{\tau2} & U_{\tau3} \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix} \nu_1 \\ \nu_2 \\ \nu_3 \end{pmatrix},\tag{1} $$

then why are flavour eigenstates expressed using the complex conjugated elements of the PMNS matrix:

$$ |\nu_{\alpha}\rangle=\sum_{i=1}^3U_{\alpha i}^*|\nu_i\rangle, $$ (where $\alpha = e,\ \mu,\ \tau$) rather than $$ |\nu_{\alpha}\rangle=\sum_{i=1}^3U_{\alpha i}|\nu_i\rangle, $$ as suggested by $(1)$. Wouldn't it make more sense to define the PMNS matrix as its complex conjugate in the first place?

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ What you suggest is done in case of anti-neutrinos. $\endgroup$ – Yuzuriha Inori Mar 15 '18 at 9:10
  • $\begingroup$ Essential duplicate. $\endgroup$ – Cosmas Zachos Jul 23 at 14:45

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