Wiki tells us that In practice most actual experiments have used light, assumed to be emitted in the form of particle-like photons (produced by atomic cascade or spontaneous parametric down conversion), rather than the atoms that Bell originally had in mind. The property of interest is, in the best known experiments, the polarisation direction

What device can actually be used for that source which creates a photon pair with entangled polarisations?

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The process used in this kind of source is the spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC, see, e.g. Wikipedia for details). It is a nonlinear optical process in which from a photon with angular frequency $\omega_0$ you get two photons with frequencies $\omega_1$, $\omega_2 = \omega_0-\omega_1$. These photons are then phase matched and have correlated polarization (either the same or opposite, we speak of type I SPDC and type II SPDC, respectively).

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks! That SPDC name seems a lot more complicated than the actual process. Is it correct if I say that the method is to direct light through a nonlinear crystal and some part of it is split into photon pairs? Must the light source be laser? $\endgroup$ – Džuris Oct 3 '12 at 22:05
  • $\begingroup$ You got the idea right. Lasers are used as light source, because for nonlinear optical processes large intensities are required. And lasers are the only source that can achieve that. $\endgroup$ – Ondřej Černotík Oct 4 '12 at 7:04

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