Of course I could only speak of whole states and banish the word "parts".
Mathematics enables some quantum states to be separated into partial states. When the whole state has finite dimensions, the partial states are of lower dimensionality. So "parts" are intrinsic to the maths, but what about the physics?
I'm not confining the discussion to particles but to any decomposition of whole into parts.
So how should "parts" be regarded physically? In attempting to arrive at a comprehensive notion of them, there seems to be a progressive evaporation of wholes into space time regions to pure sets of numerical parameters. As we deconstruct the whole what should we make of the sub-whole?