What happens to a molecule during neutron capture? Does the process release enough energy to break the molecule bond? In fission this is obviously the case, since the compound nucleus forms and then splits with enough energy to split the nucleus let alone the molecule it was in. But what happened in a thermal capture event?
For example, consider water molecules with 2 Protium and 1 Ogygen being bombarded with thermal neutrons. After a sufficient amount of time, one of the Protiums absorbs a neutron and becomes deuterium. What happens to the water molecule? Does it become HDO or does the D bond break and it becomes a free D+ ion and OH pair until grabs onto something most likely another H2O molecule or adheres to the wall of the container?
Does the behavior change as you go up the chart of the nuclides? For example, does a Carbon, Iron, and Uranium atom before differently? Assuming of course the Uranium atom doesn't fission.