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Take a look at these three pictures I made of one of our lightbulbs:

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The lightbulb is placed in a fitting which can be put directly in the power socket. In the first picture the bulb is turned loose, so no light comes out. In the second one, you can see the lightbulb shine in its full glory.

It's the third picture that makes me wonder. While the lightbulb isn't connected to the power socket (though the socket itself is connected), you can see a faint glow when I touch the bulb (which is in the same condition as in the first picture: turned out as far as possible out of the socket to let the effect occur). Why does it glow faintly? It seems pretty sure that it has to do with the vicinity of the power socket (with which it is, as I said not connected). Has it something to do with the fact that the AC sends out e.m. radiation? Or what? By the way, I was standing on plastic shoes. It makes me think about these spheres in which you see an ever-changing pattern of "little flashes of lightning", or electric discharges (a Plasma Globe), which tend to go in your hand's direction if you put it on it.

EDIT

On closer inspection of the bulb, it has two condensator-like plates connected to the AC power supply, but not connected to each other, though I think both of these brightly shining parts are connected to the $220(V)$ part of the AC power supply, and the non-shining part not (or it's connection with the power supply is broke). So it certainly not an incandescent light bulb. You can see also that (while the bulb is giving maximum light) a periodic flickering, of which I'm not surprised if this has the same frequency as the AC frequency of $50(Hz)$. The bulb isn't earthed. Just one more thing. If I put one finger on the bulb the effect is less pronounced than if I put two fingers on opposite sides.

More precise I can't ask the question. I can understand that the two plates (or the two together) are brightly lighted; if you look closely at the first picture you can see three straight pieces of metal entering the bulb. The "big" plates are illuminated, the little ones not. In the second picture, you can see two electric red/orange glowing pieces of straight metal (connected to the two "big" plates, which, like I said are not connected to each other outside but maybe inside) entering the bulb. So you can say that there are capacitor plates loaded with electrons, which causes a glow for the same reason an incandescent bulb produces light (the red/orange color indicates that the AC in the bulb isn't that high). But I can't understand the effect I described. Somehow electricity has to "jump" over the "bridge" where the bulb is disconnected with the AC-source if I put my hand or fingers on it.

I found this article, which shows it's indeed a neon lamp.

So, based on this who knows the answer based on this information?

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  • $\begingroup$ Perhaps you are just pushing onto the bulb and this forms a closed circuit(slightly) $\endgroup$ – QuIcKmAtHs Jan 8 '18 at 12:20
  • $\begingroup$ Wait... picture 3 is it just picture 1 with your hand? $\endgroup$ – QuIcKmAtHs Jan 8 '18 at 12:24
  • $\begingroup$ Exactly!! I noticed it by accident. $\endgroup$ – descheleschilder Jan 8 '18 at 12:29
  • $\begingroup$ Perhaps the point of connection is there... but not there, putting your hand might have slightly closed the circuit, allowing minimal current to flow $\endgroup$ – QuIcKmAtHs Jan 8 '18 at 12:37
  • $\begingroup$ I tried the same, a few minutes ago, while pulling the bulb. The same effect showed up, so what you give as the reason is not correct, and besides that, I turned the bulb out of the socket as far as possible. $\endgroup$ – descheleschilder Jan 8 '18 at 12:59
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Based on the limited information you are giving, it seems that you have a gas discharge light or neon glow lamp (not an incandescent light bulb). The light is produced by electrons accelerated in an applied electric field ionizing the gas atoms/molecules and causing electron transitions which emit light. When one of the electrodes of the lamp is connected to the not grounded terminal of the ac power outlet, the gas discharge can also be initiated when you touch the glass with your hand. The hand is on ground potential so that the ac voltage produces an alternating potential difference between the ungrounded lamp electrode and your hand. This suffices to produce the high electric field at the electrode to produce the gas discharge and the glow light. The low ac current circuit is closed capacitively over your hand, arm and body to the ground. A similar effect using a glow lamp is often used in voltage testers built into screw drivers.

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  • $\begingroup$ I doubt whether this lamp can be an incandescent lamp. Incandescent lamps need rather high currents to heat the filament to a couple of thousand degrees centigrade. A neon glow lamp (Dutch: glimlamp) need only very low currents and power to produce a very faint glow in a layer of gas covering the cathode electrode (which alternates with applied ac voltage). Maybe you check what is written on the lamp. $\endgroup$ – freecharly Jan 9 '18 at 2:26
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    $\begingroup$ Even if you are not galvanically connected to ground, you are capacitively connected. I suspect that even the capacitive coupling to the surrounding is enough for the glow lamp to glow. If you definitely connect only one electrode to the ac supply, only this electrode should actually glow. Maybe you check whether you can see that when you make such a connection with a single wire. $\endgroup$ – freecharly Jan 9 '18 at 2:32
  • $\begingroup$ Also: If you connect only one electrode to the ungrounded terminal of the outlet you should definitely not see any glow in an incandescent lamp while you can get one in a neon glow lamp. By the way, the color of the glow of your lamp looks just like the color of a neon glow lamp. See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neon_lamp. $\endgroup$ – freecharly Jan 9 '18 at 2:52
  • $\begingroup$ If you read the edited part of my question you can read what kind of lamp ( I think) it really is. It's neither an incandescent light bulb, nor a neon glow lamp (in that case you would see the whole bulb filled with light. $\endgroup$ – descheleschilder Jan 9 '18 at 3:40
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    $\begingroup$ You were right! I googled until I found the link. It's, by the way, not written on the lamp, and I indeed saw only one of the wires glow (very faintly) when I touched the bulb with my finger. Sometimes even the glass glows faintly. And the bulb is of course not totally disconnected from the AC source like I said in my question Thanks for your effort! Finally resolved! – descheleschilder 6 mins ago edit $\endgroup$ – descheleschilder Jan 9 '18 at 5:45

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