What is a magnetic radius (e.g. of a hadron)? And how does this differ from the charge radius?
The proton is the most well measured hadron: they are plentiful and available in cryo-liquid form for electron scattering experiments. Moreover, the charge radius can be estimated via hyper-fine splitting measurements. The neutron is a bit more difficult, as there are no free neutron targets.
The charge radius is the RMS radius, $r$, of the charge density, $\rho(r)$, and is 0.84-0.88 fm.
The magnetic radius of the proton is the RMS radius of the magnetic moment distribution, and is very nearly 0.78 fm.
A detailed comparison of the two is a major undertaking (on the scale of SE answer) involving comparisons of statistical and systematic errors involved in various experimental techniques and theoretical models.
Edited by Nicole Sharp with data from https://pdg.lbl.gov/