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I'll be taking some Lagrangians from this paper to try and keep personal typos out of the discussion


I have been looking at the dimensional reduction of Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theories and I am trying to understand the correct procedure of working with/the addition of topological terms.

I am used to seeing in odd dimension the addition of the Chern-Simons form together with the metric dependent content of the theory.

For example: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}_5 = R \star 1 + \frac{1}{{(h^i)^{2}}} \left( \star dh^i \wedge dh^i + \star F^i \wedge F^i \right) + F^1 \wedge F^2 \wedge A^3 \tag{1} \end{equation} where here the index $i=1,2,3$ and is implicitly summed over. $h^i$ are taken to be three non-independent scalar fields and $F^i$ are 2-form field strengths: $F=dA$

My questions are:

  • How do topological invariants arise when dimensionally reducing theories?
  • Are Chern-simons terms in $2n-1$ dimensional theories related to other topological invariants from $2n$ dimensional theories?

If I try to obtain the Lagrangian (1) from the Kaluza-Klein reduction of a $6D$ theory: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}_6 = R \star 1 - \frac{1}{2} \star d \phi \wedge d \phi - \frac{1}{2} \star H^{(3)} \wedge H^{(3)} \end{equation} for some 3-form field strength $H^{(3)} = dB^{(2)}$.

I will obtain a Lagrangian: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}_5 = R \star 1 + \frac{1}{{(h^i)^{2}}} \left( \star dh^i \wedge dh^i + \star F^i \wedge F^i \right) \end{equation}

  • Do I insert the Chern-Simons term by hand after the reduction or does this additional term come from the reduction of some even-dimensional topological term which I am neglecting?
  • If I do have to insert it by hand then how do I reconcile the difference between these 4D theories:

\begin{equation} \mathcal{L}_6 \xrightarrow{S^1} \mathcal{L}_5 + F \wedge F \wedge A \xrightarrow{S^1} \mathcal{L}_4 \end{equation} and: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}_6 \xrightarrow{T^2} \tilde{\mathcal{L}}_4 \end{equation}

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  • $\begingroup$ You might, or might not, appreciate the holographic deconstruction linkages in Hill&Zachos 2005 and 2008. They hop down dimensions utilizing the linkage between WZW and CS. $\endgroup$ – Cosmas Zachos Dec 14 '17 at 19:00

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