# What is the integral of temperature over space called?

Consider the heat equation $\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}=k\cdot\Delta u$ where $u\colon\Omega\times \mathbb{R}_+\to \mathbb{R}$ maps the space variable $x\in \Omega$ and a time variable $t$ to a temperature.

Is there a name for the quantity $$h_t = \int_\Omega u(x,t)\,\mathrm{d}x \quad?$$

I was under the impression that this quantity is called heat, but the Wikipedia article for heat disagrees. What should this be called?

By integrating the heat equation $$\rho c \frac{\partial T}{\partial t} - \nabla \cdot \left( k \nabla T \right) = \dot q$$ over a volume $\Omega$, assuming no heat flux through the boundary $\delta\Omega$, you find that $$\int_\Omega \rho c Tdx=Q,$$ so the heat $Q=\int_\Omega qdx$ equals the spatial integral of the product of temperature $T$, mass density $\rho$, and specific heat capacity $c$. For uniform $\rho$, $c$ you would simply have $\int_\Omega Tdx=Q/\rho c$.
• Are $\rho$ and $c$ possibly functions of location $x$? Taking them outside of the integral like that seems fine if they are constant throughout space, otherwise I don't get it.
• The left hand side of this equation $\int_\Omega \rho c Tdx=Q$ is called the internal energy of the material. Nov 26, 2017 at 13:32