I'm having trouble expressing my confusion but I hope you'll bear with me.
Considering a wheel rotating in a uniform circular motion.
Splitting the wheel into a series of concentric rings of $dr$ in thickness, such that if we took the ring and bent them into a line it would be a very thin rectangle.
The angular velocity of the constituent particles in a rotating object are uniform.
The velocity of each of the constituent particles in each of the rings would be different. This agrees with the first statement $v = r \dot \theta$ with $\dot \theta =$ constant. With variable $r$, ring velocity must then be different per ring.
However, if there is no net angular acceleration, then angular momentum is conserved. That means $r^2 \dot \theta = const$ yet $r \dot \theta$ is not. So in $L = (r \dot \theta)m r$, I have trouble intuitively understanding how this makes sense mathematically or intuitively.
Is my confusion clear? There seems to be an asymmetry here in my mind. We have a constant quality $\dot \theta$ and a quantity $r$ which, when multiplied by $\dot \theta$ gives a variable quantity (which works fine intuitively for me, as particles on the edge of the object have to sweep out equal angles in the same time despite being farther away necessitates a higher velocity for my first bullet point to hold true as sweeping out some angle farther away requires more distance than closer to the center), which makes me think having something vary proportionately to $r$ makes it not constant. Now, a variable quantity $r \dot \theta$ multiplied by $r$ is a constant. How can I address this with my previous intuitions?
Perhaps my intuitions themselves are mere coincidental observations, which means they can't be used to understand other things unrelated, but I'm wondering if there's anything I'm getting at that is touching on a key insight. I can happily accept velocity is not a constant quality, but then cannot say that angular momentum being conserved in the same vein is an obvious next step considering this uniformly rotating system. Why does $v \ne constant$ become constant when multiplied by $mr$?