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This question already has an answer here:

This question is related to the inquiry here: What enables protons to give new properties to an atom every time one is added?

and here: What causes atoms to have their specific colors?

In general, assume you are given an input wavelength(s) of electromagnetic radiation, and a set of neutrons, protons, and electrons in a certain state (likely an atom). Is there a function that will map these values to the wavelength(s) of electromagnetic radiation after it has become incident with the set of neutrons, protons, and electrons?

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marked as duplicate by Rococo, Community Nov 5 '17 at 19:06

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.