I am studying Capacitance for my Physics class. We have been working with parallel-plate capacitors, which I understand perfectly. However, I’ve seen some exercises with spherical and cylindrical capacitors. In them, I have learned to calculate the capacitance by simply applying the definition, but I am having trouble deriving the maximum potential difference and maximum potential energy that can be present before dielectric breakdown. Can you please explain this to me? I really want to understand these concepts, as I do for the parallel-plate capacitor.
All help greatly appreciated!