Is there any specific reason for pressure to be constant along the x axis, which is represented on this picture below.
If I think about an elemental volume of fluid with its base parallel to the x axis I see mainly 5 forces, which are the viscous shear forces on the upper and lower faces, two pressure forces on the right and left faces, and the x component of the force of gravity.
Now, apparently the two pressure forces cancel and the gravity alone will balance the shear forces, but how can we reach that conclusion?
It is easy for me to understand that a pressure gradient must exist on a horizontal flow with viscous stresses because it is what must balance those friction forces. But now the balance is made only due to gravity? Wouldn't it be plausible to assume that it would be a contribution from both gravity and pressure gradient?