# Gravity and centrifugal force

Assuming the radius of Earth as $6.36\cdot10^6\:\mathrm m$. Then i get for the centrifugal force of an object with the mass of $m=10,000\:\mathrm{kg}$:

$$r\cdot\omega^2 \cdot m = 6.36\:\mathrm m \cdot \left(\frac{1}{24\cdot3600\:\mathrm s} \right)^2\cdot 10,000\:\mathrm{kg} = 8.52\:\mathrm{N}$$

So when I want to know how big the gravitational force is on a mass $M$, which is the correct attempt?

1. $F=m \cdot a = M \cdot g$ but here the centrifugal force is ignored. So the actual resulting force should be $M \cdot g - F_\mathrm{centrifugal}$.

or

1. Is the value of $g$ actually given with the centrifugal force in mind? Would that mean that the gravitational force would actually be higher on a mass $M$ when the earth stops rotating?
– dan
May 8, 2019 at 7:26

The centrifugal force does have an effect on the weight of objects on the Earth. It is about half the reason things are lighter at the equator than the poles, the other being that they are further from the center of the Earth, owing to its oblate shape (itself a result of the centrifugal force). The reason you got such a low estimate of the influence of the centrifugal force is a miscalculation of $\omega$. It is not 1/day but 2$\pi$/day. So the force, using your numbers, is 336 N rather than 8. If the value of g without the centrifugal force were 9.81 $m/s^2$, this would reduce it to about 9.78.
However, note that $$r\omega^2 = 8.54 \cdot 10^{-4}\frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}^2}$$ is smaller than the lowest digit given on the standard approximate value of $$g = 9.81 \frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}^2}$$, so asking whether or not the centrifugal force is included in this is meaningless - the value would be the same either way at this level of precision.