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How does amplitude depend on the medium in which wave travels? I came across a lot of questions that asked to find amplitude after transmission of wave in a different medium.Is there any concept relating medium and amplitude?

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You may see Fresnel equation. It shows the relationship between refractive index of the medium and amplitude.

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  • $\begingroup$ Amplitude of waves on a string is required; not light waves. Could you please tell some other method? $\endgroup$ – user166465 Aug 23 '17 at 7:17
  • $\begingroup$ Fresnel equation is a direct result of wave equation. So as long as you have wave equation of any form ( in your case, string wave), you can simply modify some term ( How can you get refractive index for a string ? ) and calculate the result. $\endgroup$ – Math The Novice Aug 23 '17 at 7:21
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What you need is the impedance $\sqrt{T\mu}$ where $T$ is the tension and $\mu$ is the mass per unit length.

Have a look at this link.

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