I wasn't sure if this might be better suited to History of Science and Mathematics SE, but I suppose it is a bit more 'science-y' than historical.
Apparently Newton believed in absolute space and absolute time, existing independently from anything else within the universe (these beliefs were supposedly laid down in the 'Scholium' of his Principia; see here).
However I was under the impression that Galilean relativity, although supporting the idea of absolute time, did away with absolute space. And yet Newton believed in Galilean relativity and his first law- a body remaining in a state of rest or uniform motion unless acted on by a net force- is essentially a statement of Galielean relativity.
How can it be so that Newton believed in absolute space and believed in Galilean relativity? In fact, in the link it suggests that Newton believed in absolute motion as well (which would be implied from his belief in the existence of absolute space and absolute time anyway).
Perhaps I am getting confused between the notions of 'relativity' and 'absolute space/time'...