# Could Excess Energy in Cold Fusion Experiments be Explained by Transmutation of Elements?

Scientists have been frustrated trying to duplicate published results ever since Fleishman and Ponds. If fusion really did occur there would be neutrons but none were ever detected. The excess energy that is intermittently detected and in unpredictable quantities cannot be explained by known chemical reactions.

There was a company in NJ I believe by the name of BlackLight energy that theorized the results could be explained by hydrogen energy levels lower than the ground state of 13.6 eV but I think they have been debunked.

There was also extensive cold fusion research in Japan in the 1990s where they were in the process of hypothesizing that the excess energy was due to Transmutation of certain elements in the electrodes due to the intermittent detection of elements that should not have been there but could have been the result of transmutation of original elements.

The Japanese researchers did not understand the exact Transmutation process and had difficulty obtaining samples pure enough to perform the experiments. They attributed the intermittent excess energy to the random surface structure of the electrodes and the purity of the catalytic spread on the surface.

Years have gone by and I was wondering if any progress was made here.

• news.newenergytimes.net – Keith McClary Jul 12 '17 at 2:56
• @KeithMcClary This site does not endorse fringe science in any way. Please replace your link with one from a reputable peer-reviewed journal. – probably_someone Jul 12 '17 at 4:38
• @probably_someone : I don't think there are any peer-reviewed sources. New Energy Times is the best source on what Rossi Ecat, Brillouin Energy, Defkaelion, Blacklight, etc. are up to. Nobody even bothers to debunk this stuff lately. – Keith McClary Jul 12 '17 at 5:23
• @KeithMcClary Yes, but simply leaving a link here without any explanation implies (at least to me, and I think to a number of other readers) that you endorse what's in that link as true, when there are several blatantly false claims on the site (see "Are LENR responsible for the Samsung battery fires?"). – probably_someone Jul 12 '17 at 5:41

This is probably because Mills's claims, namely that there exist energy levels of the hydrogen atom that are lower than the ground state, are both theoretically and experimentally bunk. Experimentally, such a state should produce a hydrogen atom with a smaller radius; we have never observed such an atom. Theoretically, the new electron configurations, which Mills calls "hydrinos," are incompatible with the Schrodinger, Klein-Gordon, and Dirac equations, which have been proven to hold thousands of times, in some cases to one part in $10^{15}$ (source: https://arxiv.org/pdf/0704.0631.pdf, published in Physics Letters A).