# Are fundamental particles (Electron,Proton & Neutrons) compressible? [closed]

Please tell me if fundamental particles (Electron,Proton & Neutrons) are compressible?

• What do you mean by compressible? Jul 4 '17 at 16:00
• I don't think you can even mention electrons here because electrons don't really have size or a substructure. Here is a paper that talks about the possibility of deformed neutrons in neutron stars: arxiv.org/pdf/1108.1859v1.pdf Jul 4 '17 at 16:02
• Means they can change it volume? Jul 4 '17 at 16:02
• OK! Except electrons Jul 4 '17 at 16:04
• Also, for insight, read DavidZ's answer: physics.stackexchange.com/questions/81190/whats-inside-a-proton/… Jul 4 '17 at 16:05

By definition, fundamental particles are point particles with no volume, so they can't get any smaller. So no, they're not compressible.

Also, protons and neutrons aren't fundamental particles; they're made up of quarks and gluons.

Have you heard of neutron stars? They are made of a liquid of neutrons [*], packed together with a density similar to that of atomic nuclei. The pressure in a neutron star ranges from $10^{28}$ to $10^{30}$ atmospheres but we have all the reasons to believe that the neutrons in there are exactly like those we know on Earth. That should illustrate nicely how utterly incompressible are neutrons, at least!

[*] They are the ultimate fate of massive stars (10$\times$ to 30$\times$ heavier than our Sun), after they explode in a supernova.

• And in atoms with increasing number of electrons in a shell the diameter of the atom shrinks. Hence the cross section of the electron shrinks. Perhaps this could be interpreted as a compression too? Jul 4 '17 at 19:07
• Interesting, I didn't know that. Do you have a reference?
– user154997
Jul 4 '17 at 22:06
• upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/… Jul 5 '17 at 4:59
• And density of a Black hole? It have many atoms in it, If they are not compressible at fundamental level then the black holes volume increases as increase in no. of atos Jul 21 '18 at 8:24