I'm not sure I understand this well, so please bear with me. I've read a few answers on here about electric fields from neutral atoms, but they aren't agreeing on it. In any case, these are the questions I have:
- When EM waves and for example microwaves interact with neutral atoms, do they interact with the protons and electrons inside?
- If 1 is true, can atoms be heated up by the vibration due to the EM field interacting with the protons and electrons?
- If 2 is true, why aren't nonpolar molecules or neutral atoms heated up by a typical household microwave.
Thanks in advance.