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I have this homework problem in my book, it says:

In the circuit shown in the figure, the current flows in the circuit is 0.644A and the the RMS of the AC source is 100V, calculate the reading of the voltmeter.

Here is the figure and my attempt to solve the problem, I had solved it with two methods, and I had different values in each one, and I don't know which one is correct. Method one: enter image description here

I calculated the voltage across the capacitor and the inductor branch and got a voltage of 96.6V. But I said to myself to try to calculate the voltage across the AC source and the ohmic resistance branch thinking that it must have the same value as they are connected to the same two points the cpacitor and the inductor are connected to. And I did this: enter image description here (Note that Veff is the RMS of the source) I thought that the branch of the AC source and the resistance has the same voltage as the branch of the capcitor and the inductor, but apparently it doesn't, so why? Did I do something wrong? Or what?

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  • $\begingroup$ In your solution (2) you're assuming that $V_{eff}$ and $V_{R}$ have the same phase so that you can do a simple subtraction of their amplitudes. They're not in phase, so you can't simply subtract their amplitudes. The current through the resistor will be somewhat out of phase with the voltage of the AC voltage source due to the fact that the resistor is in a series circuit with an inductor and capacitor. With problems of this type you always have to remember that you're dealing with different voltages and currents that are generally out of phase with each other. $\endgroup$ – Samuel Weir May 18 '17 at 20:57
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The phasor diagram looks like this.

enter image description here

You quite corrected added the phasors $V_{\rm C}$ and $V_{\rm L}$ and found a voltage which was lagging the current $I$ in the circuit bu $90^\circ$.
In the second method you incorrectly subtracted the voltage across the resistor $V_{\rm R}$ from the supply voltage $V$ as you did not include the fact that they are not in phase.

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  • $\begingroup$ Sorry for replying very late, but what should I do to correct it? I am still unclear. $\endgroup$ – Asmaa May 21 '17 at 5:43
  • $\begingroup$ You want the voltage across the supply and the resistor which are $90^\circ$ out of phase with one another so use $\sqrt{V^2-V_{\rm R}}$ and you will get your first answer. $\endgroup$ – Farcher May 21 '17 at 5:51

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