What do we refer to when we say that a dielectric is statically polarized? How can we obtain such a state? (I've been searching on the web, but haven't found too much) Thanks!
Dielectric means that the molecules of the material are polar ones (the charge is not homogeneously distributed). Normally the poles of the molecules have not a particular orientation, but, when that molecules are near an electric field, the material is polarized because all positive poles are pointing to a particular direction (and negative to the opposite direction).