I am writing a little article about thought experiments through the history of physics (university level); more specifically, from the times of Thales of Miletus (~ ancient Greeks) to our day. I want to cover as many as possible of them, and not just stick to the most famous ones as those of Einstein (for example).
I should point out that I have already searched on the internet (including this site), and already got a good number of them; but I want to be sure I have not overlooked any interesting thought experiment.

So my question is, does anybody know about any thought experiments that are not commonly known (even for a physics grad student with access to Google)? Thanks in advance!

Edit: Ok, main question could be too broad so I'll be more precise:

Do you know about any thought experiments (in physics) dated from before those of Galileo?


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closed as too broad by ACuriousMind Mar 23 '17 at 23:11

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  • $\begingroup$ I'm afraid you're asking for an open-ended list of examples with no single correct answer, which is off-topic as too broad here. $\endgroup$ – ACuriousMind Mar 23 '17 at 23:12
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    $\begingroup$ Atomistic theory from the old Greeks. Amazing that they came to the conclusion that a smallest piece of something has to exist. You bring me to an idea. Wouldn't it be more interesting to investigate which thought experiments are grandiosely failed? $\endgroup$ – HolgerFiedler Mar 24 '17 at 5:19