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I've been struggling with this, and since the process isn't too complex I think the mistake must be something simple I'm forgetting.

I start with a spherical, continuous distribution of charge whose difference potential is given by:

$$V(r)=\frac{\rho_o a^2}{18\epsilon_o}(1-\frac{3r^2}{a^2}+\frac{2r^3}{a^3})$$

(Where $a$ and $r$ are expressed in length units and $a$ and $\rho_o$ are constants). And I have to show, using Gauss's law, that there's a charge density per unit volume $\rho$:

$$\rho(r)=\rho(1-\frac{4r}{3a})$$

So my first approach was to find the electric field equation, knowing that $E=-\nabla V$. I got (assuming spherical coordinates):

$$\vec E(r)=\frac{\rho_o}{3\epsilon_o}(r-\frac{r^2}{a})\hat r$$

Now, since I have to use Gauss's law ($\phi=\frac{q_{inside}}{\epsilon_o} = \vec E\cdot \vec S$) I know that:

$$q_{inside}=\frac{\rho_o}{3}(r-\frac{r^2}{a})\cdot 4\pi r^2$$

And by the definition of $\rho$: $$\rho=\frac{dq}{dV_{sphere}}=\frac{\frac{\rho_o}{3}(r-\frac{r^2}{a})4\pi r dr}{\frac{4}{3}\pi r^2 dr}=\rho_o(1-\frac{r}{a}) $$

Which is almost what I was supposed to get, except for the $4/3$ inside the parentheses. Where did I go wrong?

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the final step goes wrong, it should be $$\frac{dq}{dV_{sphere}}=\rho_0\frac{(4\pi r^2-\frac{16}{3a}r^3)dr}{4\pi r^2dr}$$

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  • $\begingroup$ Why? Are you omitting steps, or is there something I'm not understanding? $\endgroup$ – Manuel Mar 23 '17 at 17:42
  • $\begingroup$ Okay, I finally understood my mistake. Thanks a lot :) $\endgroup$ – Manuel Mar 23 '17 at 18:20

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