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On page 409 of Peskin and Shroeder.
The one-loop propagator correction with dimensional regularization in Yukawa theory is: $$\hspace{-190pt}i\cal{M}:=$$ enter image description here $$\hspace{-150pt} = \frac{-2ig^2}{(4\pi)^2}(-p^2)\left( \frac{1}{2-d/2} +\log\frac{1}{-p^2}+C \right). \tag{12.33} $$ And the renormalization condition in this section is: \begin{cases} i\mathcal{M} + i(p^2\delta_Z-\delta_m) =0 \quad\text{at}\quad p^2=-M^2 \\ \frac{d}{dp^2}\left[i\mathcal{M}+i(p^2\delta_Z-\delta_m)\right] =0 \quad\text{at}\quad p^2=-M^2 \tag{12.30} \end{cases} where $M$ is the renormalization scale, $\delta_Z$ the field strength renormalization counterterm, and $\delta_m$ the mass renormalization counterterm.

In the following discussion, we will assume the use of dimensional regularization. However, to emphasize the physical role of the cutoff, we will write expressions of the form (12.33) as $$i\mathcal{M}= \frac{-2ig^2}{(4\pi)^2}(-p^2)\left( \log\frac{\Lambda^2}{-p^2}+C \right) \tag{12.34}$$ The logarithmically divergent terms proportional to $p^2$ will agree with the divergences obtained with a momentum cutoff; the constant terms will not agree, but these will drop out of our nal results.

By dimensional analysis one can guess the pole $\frac{1}{2-d/2}$ corresponds to $\log \Lambda^2$ in (12.34).
And I calculated with cutoff.
First from $$ \hspace{-80pt} i\mathcal{M}= -4g^2 \int_0^1 dx \int\frac{d^4l}{(2\pi)^4}\frac{l^2+\Delta}{(l^2-\Delta)^2} \tag{10.33} $$ (where $\Delta=m_f^2-x(1-x)p^2$, and here I've already set $d=4$), performing a Wick rotation $l^0=il_E^0$, \begin{alignat}{2} &=&& -4g^2 \int_0^1 dx \frac{-l_E^2+\Delta}{(l_E^2+\Delta)^2} \\ &=&& -4ig^2 \left(\int\frac{d\Omega_4}{(2\pi)^4} \right) \int_0^1 dx \int_0^{\infty}\,dl_E l_E^3 \frac{-l_E^2+\Delta}{(l_E^2+\Delta)^2} \end{alignat} setting $s=l_E^2+\Delta$, $$ l_Edl_E=\frac{1}{2}ds $$ $$ \therefore \int_0^{\infty}\,dl_E l_E^3 \frac{-l_E^2+\Delta}{(l_E^2+\Delta)^2} = \frac{1}{2}\int_{\Delta}^{\Lambda^2+\Delta}ds \frac{(s-\Delta)(-s+2\Delta)}{s^2} \\ = \frac{1}{2}\int_{\Delta}^{\Lambda^2+\Delta}ds \left( \frac{(-s^2+3\Delta s-2\Delta^2)}{s^2} \right) = \frac{1}{2} \left[ -s+3\Delta\log s+\frac{2\Delta^2}{s} \right]_{\Delta}^{\Lambda^2+\Delta} \sim -\frac{1}{2}\Lambda^2 $$ This doesn't agree with (12.34).
Question 1: Why is that? Have I made mistakes somewhere in the calculation?
Question 2: Why will the constant terms drop out of our nal results?
Any answer to at least one question would be appreciated.
Thanks.

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  • $\begingroup$ This quotation in this post is a few lines below on the same page of the quotation of this. $\endgroup$ – GotchaP Feb 11 '17 at 3:46

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