Ecosystems are open systems, they receive solar energy and other materials from outside the ecosystem and migration of animals is also witnessed.
I read Physics uptil class XII.
I found this book 'Environment By Peter H. Raven, Linda R. Berg, David M. Hassenzahl' that says that when energy is transformed from one form to another some amount of energy is lost as heat.
Should this statement be appropriate for the 2nd law of thermodynamics for an open system?
I found some other books though that mention something about 2nd law of thermodynamics for open system:
1.Thermodynamics of Non-Equilibrium Processes for Chemists, pg-9
2.Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems, pg-41
3.Ecosystem Ecology, pg-35