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In other words, would the wavelengths of absorbed energy on an object be longer, shorter, equivalent, to the wavelengths reradiated on the object.

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  • $\begingroup$ Sorry for the deletion of my answer, but it was too vague and your new question much more focused. Best of luck with it. $\endgroup$ – user108787 Oct 28 '16 at 1:09
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    $\begingroup$ @Bibliophile There is no general answer to this question. It all depends on many factors: the type of material (its electronic, and probably phononic band structure, and hence what type of processes are allowed), and the light wavelength. By the way, "wavelengths of absorbed energy" is not the best terminology. You can talk about the wavelength of the absorbed light, and the energy absorbed with that... Also, "re-radiated by the object, not on. $\endgroup$ – StR Oct 28 '16 at 2:07
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The frequency spectrum radiated by a body is on general lines the black body radiation

black body curve

Note it is a function of the temperature only. Here are more curves. The experimental curves may show deviations from the theoretical, but are more or less followed. The radiation from a body as a function of frequency is just temperature dependent.

The opposite, the absorption of incoming radiation , is a complicated story as seen here.. Even though

There are a number of ways to quantify how quickly and effectively radiation is absorbed in a certain medium, for example:

The absorption coefficient, and some closely related derived quantities:

   The attenuation coefficient, which is sometimes but not always synonymous with the absorption coefficient

   Molar absorptivity, also called "molar extinction coefficient", which is the absorption coefficient divided by molarity (see also Beer–Lambert law).

  The mass attenuation coefficient, also called "mass extinction coefficient", which is the absorption coefficient divided by density (see also mass attenuation coefficient).

  The absorption cross section and scattering cross-section are closely related to the absorption and attenuation coefficients, respectively.

  "Extinction" in astronomy is equivalent to the attenuation coefficient.

Penetration depth and skin effect,

Propagation constant, attenuation constant, phase constant, and complex wavenumber,

Complex refractive index and extinction coefficient,

Complex dielectric constant,

Electrical resistivity and conductivity.

Absorbance (also called "optical density") and optical depth (also called "optical thickness") are two related measures

All these quantities measure, at least to some extent, how well a medium absorbs radiation. However, practitioners of different fields and techniques tend to conventionally use different quantities drawn from the list above.

So there is no simple one to one relation between absorption and re-radiation.

So a body radiated will re-radiate back according to the temperature it reaches . Of course there will also be reflection of the incoming frequencies (and refraction and attenuation within a transparent body).

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