Given a neutron star, begin throwing an unlimited amount of electrons at it one at a time. Over time, what happens to the balance of gravity against the accumulating repulsive negative charge?

What happens to the surface structure of the star?

Does any major change occur before the added mass causes a collapse?

In particular, how would the electron crust affect things, and what effect the magnetic field would have, would it effectively repel the electrons?

Or would radiation from a hot neutron star be intense enough to act to push the electrons back out?

  • $\begingroup$ How do you propose to get the electrons to the surface of the neutron star? As CountTo10's answer suggests, the forces caused by the extreme magnetic fields near these objects can dwarf the gravitational force. If we ignore the magnetic fields and just let them rest, then there would be issues with degeneracy pressures for both the new electrons and the original neutrons, but that's more of a guess than an answer... $\endgroup$ Sep 11 '16 at 18:23

It's a neutron star, so if electrons fall in, AFAIK , there is no electrostatic repulsive force. Allowing gravity to pull them in one at a time will probably mean that the electrons will get caught up in the magnetic field of the neutron star.

Although Wikipedia says there is no overall net charge, I do wonder how that applies to the outer crust, composed of ions and electrons?

From Neutron Star Wikipedia

Neutron stars are very hot and typically have a surface temperature around $6 ×10^5 K$. They are so dense that a normal-sized matchbox containing neutron-star material would have a mass of approximately 13 million tonnes, or a 2.5 million $m^3$ chunk of the Earth. The density of the star is comparable to that of the nucleus of an atom. They have strong magnetic fields, between $10^8$ and $10^{15}$ times that of Earth's. The gravitational field at the neutron star's surface is about $2 ×10^{11}$ times that of the Earth's.

enter image description here

Image Source: By Robert Schulze - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Neutron stars have strong magnetic fields. The magnetic field strength on the surface of neutron stars have been estimated at least to have the range of $10^8$ to $10^{15}$ gauss ($10^4$ to $10^{11}$ tesla). In comparison, the magnitude at Earth's surface ranges from 25 to 65 microteslas (0.25 to 0.65 gauss), making the field at least $10^8$ times as strong as that of Earth. Variations in magnetic field strengths are most likely the main factor that allows different types of neutron stars to be distinguished by their spectra, and explains the periodicity of pulsars. The neutron stars known as magnetars have the strongest magnetic fields, in the range of $10^8$ to $10^{11}$ tesla, and have become the widely accepted hypothesis for neutron star types soft gamma repeaters (SGRs) and anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs).

  • $\begingroup$ True, the neutron star doesn't have electrostatic repulsive force at first, but the oncoming electrons piling on do. Won't that eventually have an effect, given enough electrons? $\endgroup$
    – Michael C.
    Sep 11 '16 at 17:35
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ I don't know how I missed that. Thanks for adding more specifics. $\endgroup$
    – Michael C.
    Sep 11 '16 at 17:56

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