Let us consider the QED in 2-dimensional space-time. The $S$-matrix can be interpreted as a unitary operator between spaces of In- and Out-states.
In the classical 4d QED In- and Out-states are collections of electrons, positrons and polarized (in exactly two ways) photons.
QUESTION. What happens with photons in 2d space-time? In what form they should be present in In- and Out-states? More precisely, how many polarizations they should have?
My guess is that in the 2d case photons have no physical polarizations at all. But does that mean that there is no photons in In- and Out-states, which consist only of collections of fermions? Or the $S$-matrix is not well defined in 2d?