This is an excerpt from BBC Infrared Telescope, published 27th July 2016
Jupiter's Great Red Spot - a hurricane three times bigger than Earth - is blasting the planet's upper atmosphere with heat, astronomers have found. Using measurements from an infrared telescope in Hawaii, a UK and US team found evidence for temperatures as high as 1,500C - hundreds of degrees warmer than anywhere else on the planet.
They suggest the hotspot is created by thunderous soundwaves "breaking" in the thin upper reaches of the atmosphere.
It arguably solves what planetary scientists had dubbed an "energy crisis" for gas giants like Jupiter: temperatures in their upper atmospheres soar much higher than can be explained by solar energy - especially given their vast distances from the Sun.
The heat from the Great Red Spot is the white smudge lower down, on the center line.
The mechanism of heat transfer is (very) roughly illustrated by the drawing below.
My question is: could a similar acoustic energy transfer explain the fact that the solar chromosphere, transition region, and corona are much hotter than the surface of the Sun. The reason is not currently well understood, but evidence suggests that Alfvén waves may have enough energy to heat the corona.
Above the temperature minimum layer is a layer about 2,000 km thick, dominated by a spectrum of emission and absorption lines. The temperature of the chromosphere increases gradually with altitude, ranging up to around 20,000 K near the top.