I have some questions about blackbody radiation. In the classical calculation, we assume every mode has the same energy, then every mode should have the same probability, then why the curve of intensity is going up instead of being constant. Also, in the Plank formula, why the peak is not at lowest frequency (lowest frequency corresponds to lower energy, then in a fixed temperature, lower energy will have more modes so the intensity will be larger?) I understand the derivation of plank's formula but I really don't grasp the physics idea behind it.

• We don't assume that all modes have the same energy. Does that solve your problem? Jul 6, 2016 at 5:38
• @CuriousOne Can you explain a little bit more?
– lol
Jul 6, 2016 at 5:40
• I am more asking what you mean. A system that has only one mode can't give you a spectrum. The only thing it can do is oscillate at one frequency. Jul 6, 2016 at 5:55
• @CuriousOne I am talking about blackbody radiation, so of course the "system" does not only have one mode.
– lol
Jul 6, 2016 at 5:58
• So what do you mean by "in the classical calculation we assume every mode has the same frequency"? Jul 6, 2016 at 6:02