Since heat is defined as the movement of molecules, and because of relativity time slows for faster moving objects, would a hot object be in a slower time frame then a cooler object, because the hot objects molecules are moving faster?
No, the hot object itself experiences no relativistic effects. The particles in the object however may well experience time dilation or length contraction. In fact in very hot gases and plasma, ideal gas laws may not always apply due to relativistic effects.
These effects are especially noticeable in gases once the kinetic energy or fermi energy (for fermionic gases) exceeds $mc^2$ by a significant amount.
A hot gas will exhibit relativistic effects for its particles. A particular particle will have a time dilation effect between collisions with other particles. If its energy is $E = K + mc^2$, $K$ = kinetic energy, and mass is $m$ the Lorentz gamma factor for that particle is then $\gamma = E/mc^2$. This happens to all of the particles for their energy $E$ determined by a Boltzmann distribution.
What about the whole gas? Since the macroscopic object is stationary with respect to your frame there is no relativistic effect for the whole thing. In special relativity the Lorentz gamma factor is between the frame of a moving body and the frame of the observer. All of those gas particles are on different frames. They can't be said to define a relativistic effect as a statistical average.
Just to add some influences of heat on a stationary clock on the surface of a star.
Heat is energy, and energy increases the energy-momentum tensor, so effectively increases the mass. With everything else remaining equal, this would increase time dilation.
On the other hand, heated bodies increase their volume. The same mass over a greater volume leads to less time dilation.
protected by Qmechanic♦ May 28 '16 at 9:31
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