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I am curious to know how the figures in these popular introductory physics textbooks are made. As examples of what I mean, see the posted figures and my comments, all from various editions of Serway and Jewett (I think).

Figure1

Look at all of these color gradients throughout the metals, and the imitations of lighting on the spheres. Notice the relatively realistic nature of the force scale and pullies.

Figure2

Notice here that we have proper, LaTeX-like font on the vectors.

Figure3 http://facstaff.cbu.edu/~jvarrian/252/reactor.jpg

Wow. So many complex shapes, good water drawings, and the ability to annotate the drawing freely.

Figure4

Lastly, we see more extremely complicated, realistic objects, like the ship and the mountain. But this isn't just pictures, it's clear that the software used has a very precise coordinate system in it, as evidenced by the kinematics drawings overlaid.

I am aware of the other posts on SE recommending drawing softwares such as LaTeX, TiKZ, pstricks, aymptote, matlab, mathematica, etc. But I highly doubt these figures were produced in any of these. My suspicion is that the publishers have some specialized software for this task. So what is that software? Does anyone know?

And a side question, when a textbook gets as popular as Serway & Jewett, do the authors still make the figures? Or do the publishers take over that job once the book exceeds some amount of popularity?

Thank You!

Update: I emailed and got a response from Professor Randall Knight, author of Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach. He told me that the publisher, Pearson, makes his final drawings, and that they use illustrator.

Another data point is that Michael Stone made his own figures for his book Mathematics for Physics: A Guided Tour for Graduate Students published by Cambridge Press. And he used a less known software whose name I can't recall.

I also posted this question on the graphic design SE and got a useful answer: https://graphicdesign.stackexchange.com/questions/71327/how-are-these-modern-physics-figures-made

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closed as off-topic by AccidentalFourierTransform, Rob Jeffries, Norbert Schuch, CuriousOne, Qmechanic May 17 '16 at 21:33

  • This question does not appear to be about physics within the scope defined in the help center.
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    $\begingroup$ I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it's devoid of physics. $\endgroup$ – AccidentalFourierTransform May 17 '16 at 20:59
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    $\begingroup$ Where should it be posted, then? I believe the "soft-question" tag is for this sort of question, is it not? $\endgroup$ – MaanDoabeDa May 17 '16 at 20:59
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    $\begingroup$ @MaanDoabeDa the graphicdesign stackexchange might work better $\endgroup$ – Craig Gidney May 17 '16 at 21:01
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    $\begingroup$ @MaanDoabeDa the question is not bad (one can see that effort has been put into it), it's just that it doesn't really belong in here... (BTW: for these kind of illustrations I usually go with Illustrator) $\endgroup$ – AccidentalFourierTransform May 17 '16 at 21:08
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    $\begingroup$ I was hoping someone in the physics community was familiar with the textbook publication process, and may provide an answer... If I post it in the graphicdesign SE (not a bad idea) I wonder if the question would be read by someone familiar with textbook creation, in particular... I figure there would at least be more interest in this community. $\endgroup$ – MaanDoabeDa May 17 '16 at 21:13