How can I derive the Lorentz transformations? I don't want to use hyperbolic functions and the fact that the light waves travel by forming spherical wavefronts. Is there a way to derive the Lorentz transformations applying the conditions I have mentioned. I was unable to understand the method given in Landau and lifshitz deeply. That's why I want a method other than the one using hyperbolic functions
Here's a derivation that uses very basic properties of space and time (isotropy, homogeneity, the fact that two Lorentz boosts should compose into another valid Lorentz boost, etc.). The constant maximum speed through space (i.e., the speed of light) is a derived property, not an assumption.
Here's a similar one that uses linear algebra after deriving the fact that the transform is linear, with similar results.
These kinds of group-theory-based derivations go back to Vladimir Ignatowski in 1910.