The voltmeter has infinite resistance. What are the readings on the voltmeter when the switch is open and when it is closed?
I thought that the reading on the voltmeter would be E/2 regardless of whether the switch was open or closed:
When open: The two resistors are identical, so voltage splits evenly;
When closed: The voltmeter has infinite resistance and so it serves as an open switch for that part of the circuit. Even if the voltmeter was connected just around the resistor to the top left of the circuit, while a parallel circuit went around both this resistor and the voltmeter, I would say that the voltage is E/2.
My answer is right for when the switch is opened, but the answer to when the switch is closed is "less than E/2." Why so?