Is blurred effect due to turbulence?
No, it is not. The turbulence has a little effect here. Even if there is no turbulence, one see everything blurred underwater. The reason is explained below.
An eye is a natural lens. A clear shot of something you see depends on how well the image is focused on your eye. The most of the refraction in the eye occurs at the cornea and a little bit at the lens of the eye. The image is then focused on the retina.
But when you are under water, the optical density of the cornea and water are almost the same (or say both have similar refractive indices-1.376 for cornea and 1.333 for water)). If you open your eyes underwater, there will hardly be any refraction because now the light is going from a medium (water) to another medium (cornea) with the same density, so refraction never takes place. If light entering the cornea is not properly refracted, it will not be focused on the retina to give you a clear image. This is why you see everything blurred underwater.
The use of swimming goggles can overcome this defect. Your eyes work perfectly if light enters your eye from air. That principle is made use of in swimming goggles. When you use goggles, you have some air in-between the cornea and the glass of the goggle. So even if the light is coming from underwater it first passes through the air and then only it reaches the eye. So you feel exactly like on ground and see things well. This is for a normal person.
You are myopic. The air-glass interface in front of your eye helps you like you have your contact lenses while on ground by providing better refraction. It may work for every myopic persons. Try use goggles while on ground. This may not help. It's because the light is now entering your eye from air. So there will be a slight difference in focusing. Same effect is when you use your contact lenses underwater.