I am a beginning physics graduate student. I am often bewildered by the strange properties of the Dirac delta function such as:

  1. $\delta (a x)= \frac{1}{a} \delta (x)$

  2. The derivative of $\delta (x)$

etc etc.

Such strange properties of $\delta (x)$ are mentioned in the first chapter of Arfken-Weber (7th ed.) without proof. Please suggest me a book from which I can learn the minimum essential mathematics of $\delta (x)$ function that is required to study physics. I am not looking for an advanced mathematical treatment but the book should have the proofs of the theorems stated.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ For starters, $\delta(x)$ is considered to be a distribution as opposed to a function, if you're a mathematician that is. I've best understood the 'thing' as a the limit of a sequence of ever narrowing Gaussian distributions. $\endgroup$
    – Zach466920
    Apr 4, 2016 at 19:16
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ See e.g. this question. $\endgroup$
    – ACuriousMind
    Apr 4, 2016 at 19:17
  • $\begingroup$ $\int F(x)\delta(x-a)dx=F(a)$ is the only other property I ever needed to know beyond the two listed. $\endgroup$
    – Kyle Kanos
    Apr 4, 2016 at 19:27
  • 5
    $\begingroup$ Possible duplicates: physics.stackexchange.com/q/127376/2451 $\endgroup$
    – Qmechanic
    Apr 4, 2016 at 19:28

1 Answer 1


'Mathematical Physics' by Kusse and Westwig is just the thing you need. The fifth chapter is devoted to the Dirac-delta function. The book is fairly easy to understand and provides the proofs of the theorems that are stated in Arfken-Weber.

After having read this, you can read the appendices I and II in Cohen-Tannoudji (Quantum Mechanics) on Fourier transforms and Dirac delta functions respectively. The appendices are in Volume II of the book (the book is a pretty huge one and comes in two volumes).


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