I was wondering what the space between atoms or electrons is called. Is it Vacuum ? And what is in there ? Is it really free or empty space ? And if so, how can nothing exist ? It is a bit of an odd yet simple question so I will put it aside.
All I want to know is - what is the space between atoms etc. is called and what does it consist of ?
And also, additionally, I want to know how (are) Electrons are Exchanged (for conductance of electricity etc.) when they are said to be only moving around in their defined orbits .(?)
Do they simply move out of their orbits and jump into another atom when they come in contact ?
And also, how come or can an Electron one element (A) move to another element (B) which is different from the first element (A) ? Doesn't electrons etc. make up the properties of that particular element ?
I don't want to go in as deep as quarks etc. but I will like to know the answer for this since quarks will be too small and if we have reached that level, we must (be) know(ing) what is on the higher level, or perhaps superficial suits better.
And have we seem electrons and protons ? I have seen videos of electrons perhaps but they more like a simulation I think. One video for Hydrogen atom is available which seems real and legit video (not sure) seen through the device used.
But can we not simply attach a camera to a microscope (or the equipment used) at a certain angle to get a better view and take pictures and record videos of those ?
And have Scientists themselves actually seen quarks and such smaller particles ? And were those coloured (in colour) or not ?
Thank You !